What is Forex?

Forex trading

Actual forex trading is overly complicated and requires a great deal of knowledge, not just of the markets and currency values but how to execute a position, as well as a great deal of capital.  Many currency pairs will move less than100 pips per day. A pip is the name used to indicate the fourth decimal place in a currency pair, or the second decimal place when JPY is in the pair. When the price of the EUR/USD moves from 1.1900 to 1.1950, that’s a 50-pip move; if you bought the pair at 1.1900 and sold it at 1.1950, you’d make a 50-pip profit. The profit you made on the above hypothetical trade depends on how much of the currency you purchased. If you bought 1,000 units in USD, each pip is worth $0.10, so you would calculate your profit as 50 pips x $0.10 = $5 for a 50-pip gain. That is a lot of money for a small amount of profit with considerable risk. And that did not cover the broker/dealer’s costs.

When you read about a trader from an international investment bank making huge trades with $millions of dollars, now you understand why. To make a significant profit, in forex trading, you need to use leverage. Leverage allows you to multiple up your trading position so that you can invest more than you have. Today, most retail forex trading is done as a CFD or contract for difference.

Currency Pair (CFD Contract for Difference) Trading

CFD is an acronym for ‘Contract for Difference.’ These are contracts that allow traders to take positions when a security’s market value moves upwards or downwards. A trader predicts, when entering into a contract, whether the value of a security will subsequently increase or decrease. The trader will be in line to make a profit if the prediction is correct. If the market moves to the trader’s position in the opposite direction, the trader will incur a loss if they close at that point. CFDs are a form of derivative product , which means that trades can take place without a trader owning the underlying asset.

CFDs enable traders to sell short-term goods, which means that traders can benefit from falling market prices. For this reason, many investors in a share portfolio use CFDs as a way to try and protect themselves against future losses. They try this by using a ‘hedging’ technique known as trading.

CFD trading is one of the most popular methods of derivative trading worldwide; it provides a significant level of leverage, has relatively small margins, and it allows investors to trade in both directions on the market movement of an asset. It allows traders to take advantage of stop losses and limitations, which are useful tools to maximize the returns and minimize the losses on a position.

Anton Kovacic
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